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Nueva variante de Suráfrica: alarma mundial, caen bolsas, prohíben vuelos

Nueva variante de Suráfrica: alarma mundial, caen bolsas, prohíben vuelos

El Gobierno de Estados Unidos, que había decidido esperar tener más datos antes de decidir si suspendía el tráfico aéreo con Suráfrica y otros países africanos, anunció que a partir del lunes pondrá restricciones a viajeros procedentes de esta zona

Gran alarma mundial se ha generado alrededor de una nueva variante del coronavirus descubierta en Suráfrica y que preocupa a los científicos por la treintena de mutaciones que ha desarrollado y de cómo afecta esta característica el comportamiento del virus.



La denominación técnica de la nueva cepa de Suráfrica es B.1.1.529 (ómicron) y este viernes 26 científicos de la OMS se reunieron en Suráfrica para analizarla. Por lo pronto el efecto del nerviosismo por esta variante ha generado una ola de alarma que redunda en prohibiciones de vuelos desde varios países y la caída de las bolsas y el precio del petróleo a nivel mundial, publica El Tiempo.

La Comisión Europea propuso detener el tráfico aéreo procedente del sur de África para evitar la expansión en Europa de una nueva variante del Covid-19. «La Comisión Europea propondrá, en coordinación estrecha con los estados miembros, activar el freno de emergencia para detener el tráfico aéreo desde la región del sur de África por la variante de preocupación B.1.1.529», anunció en su Twitter la presidenta de la Comisión, Ursula von der Leyen.

Ante esto, los países de la Unión Europea acordaron suspender los vuelos a siete países de África -Lesotho, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Namibia y Eswatini- los residentes europeos que provengan de ellos, y tengan derecho a entrar en la UE, se someterán a una prueba Covid y a un periodo de cuarentena.

Países bajos, Italia, Reino Unido, Alemania, Singapur, Israel, Rusia, Canadá, Suiza, Marruecos y Singapur incluyeron a varios países de África meridional en su “lista roja”, prohibiendo el ingreso a sus territorios de vuelos desde Suráfrica y otros países de Asia para tratar de contener la situación.

El Gobierno de Estados Unidos, que había decidido esperar tener más datos antes de decidir si suspendía el tráfico aéreo con Suráfrica y otros países africanos, anunció que a partir del próximo lunes pondrá restricciones a los viajeros procedentes de esta zona.

Ya se han detectado casos de la nueva variante de Suráfrica en Bélgica, Israel y Hong Kong.

Caen bolsas y mercados por nueva variante de Suráfrica

Acciones europeas y futuros EEUU se derrumban debido a la preocupación por esta nueva variante del coronavirus detectada en Suráfrica. El rendimiento de los bonos del Tesoro a 10 años sube, el indice Bloomberg Dollar cae y las divisas de mercados emergentes retroceden. El cobre también cae.

Los mercados de valores del Sureste Asiático también cerraron con fuertes caídas arrastrados por los temores generados por la nueva variante del coronavirus detectada en el sur de África. En Singapur, la Bolsa de la ciudad-Estado bajó 55,25 puntos, un 1,72 por ciento, y el indicador compuesto Straits Times se quedó en 3.166,27 unidades.

En Indonesia, Filipinas, Vietnam, Malasia y Tailandia también los mercados se han derrumbado por efecto de la nueva variante del coronavirus.

Fuente de la Información: https://www.eluniversal.com/internacional/113171/nueva-variante-de-surafrica-alarma-mundial-caen-bolsas-prohiben-vuelos

 

 

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Sudáfrica: La educación en Sudáfrica, un problema estructural

La educación en Sudáfrica, un problema estructural 

Consenso entre el ministerio de Educación y los estudiantes

El 01 de abril de 2021, la Unión de Estudiantes de Sudáfrica (SAUS) afirmaba que el cierre nacional de universidades llegaba a su fin. La unión estudiantil accedía a reanudar las clases después de que Nzimande aceptará algunas de sus demandas. La organización afirmaba que alrededor de 408 millones de euros se habían redirigido al NSFAS después de los recortes sufridos con anterioridad. Este impulso económico permitiría a los estudiantes nóveles la posibilidad de registrarse en una institución universitaria. Además, el acuerdo obtenido entre la SAUS y Nzimande permitiría a numerosos estudiantes matricularse en el nuevo año académico pese a encontrarse en deuda. Por consiguiente, la SAUS se mostraba optimista:

Por primera vez, ningún líder estudiantil ha sido suspendido por su participación en el parón nacional organizado por la SAUS y ninguna propiedad ha sido dañada. Asimismo, el Comité de Cartera Parlamentaria sobre Educación Superior ha confirmado el debate sobre la educación pública y la designación del asunto de las deudas y el informe de la Comisión Heher como prioridades en la agenda política. Por otro lado, el problema de la deuda estudiantil de 760 millones de euros va a ser discutida de nuevo en la agenda nacional, abriendo un proceso en el que se pueda categorizar a la misma y proponer posibles soluciones al parlamento”.

Por consiguiente, la SAUS declaraba que 22 de las 26 universidades públicas de Sudáfrica se habían comprometido a suspender las exclusiones académicas de los estudiantes afectados en el 2020 y los becados por la NSFAS podían matricularse en las universidades sin tener que pagar las tasas mínimas iniciales. Asimismo, 17 universidades ya habían comenzado a realizar registros académicos y la SAUS estaba a la espera de las otras 9 entidades educativas. Por otro lado, diversas instituciones como la Construcción Educativa y Autoridad para la Formación (CETA) o el presidente de la Provincia Cabo Oriental, Oscar Mabuyane, se comprometieron a financiar a algunos de los estudiantes que no habían conseguido las becas de la NSFAS.

Por lo tanto, todo hacía presagiar una reanudación de las actividades universitarias. Además, la SAUS aplaudió las acciones legales tomadas contra los policías implicados en la muerte de Ntumba y expresaba su satisfacción con el trabajo realizado por el defensor del pueblo en la defensa de los intereses de los estudiantes. La SAUS alegaba:

Mientras que el parón ha terminado, nuestra obligación es continuar con la búsqueda de resultados inmejorables mediante mecanismos alternativos. Queremos asegurar que ninguno de nuestros estudiantes que vuelvan a la universidad se quedan atrás. Nuestro interés es ver a todos los estudiantes registrándose, recibiendo su acomodo, su comida y sus materiales educativos. La SAUS os desea lo mejor en el curso académico de 2021

Naledi Shange, Unathi Nkanjeni, Ernest Mabuza, Iavan Pijoos, Shonisani Tshikalange, Prega Govender, Cebelihle Bhengu

Fuente: Times Live

Fuente de la Información: https://www.africafundacion.org/la-educacion-en-sudafrica-un-problema-estructural-2-4

 

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Sudáfrica: Wits University students suspended, but not for partaking in fiery protests

Wits University students suspended, but not for partaking in fiery protests

Johannesburg – Wits University has suspended and charged five students for disrupting exams and violating Covid-19 regulations.

The university said the suspension of the five students had nothing to do with the protests that took place in the streets of Johannesburg this week. Students have blockaded traffic and burnt tyres on the streets of Johannesburg.

A government official, Mthokozisi Ntumba, 35, was shot dead, allegedly by a police rubber bullet, during the student’s protests. He had just left a clinic when he was shot.

The students were protesting against the university, calling for it to allow financially excluded students to be registered despite owing fees.

Wits University spokesperson Shirona Patel said two students were suspended for disrupting an exam and tearing up exam papers on February 8.

She said three other students were suspended and charged for violating Covid-19 regulations in February.

“Two students disrupted an examination on the 8th of March and tore up examination scripts. On the 9th of March they were issued with notices to appear before an inquiry which was held on the 10th of March, which the students did not attend.

“One of the students claimed that he did not receive these notices and he has been given another opportunity to appear before a university official today (March 12), to make his case. “The two students were suspended pending a disciplinary hearing which will take place in due course, in line with the university’s rules, policies and procedures,” said Patel.

On the remaining three students, Patel said they had breached Covid-19 regulations on February 23 and 24, this year.

“None of these suspensions or charges relate to protests that happened this week. I can confirm that these students stayed in residence last night,” said Patel.

Meanwhile, she said the university had held eight meetings with the student representative council (SRC) since January in a bid to iron out issues.

“In the last seven days we have reached out to the SRC leadership repeatedly. They agreed to meet on three occasions, including at 8.30am (Wednesday) and at 8pm last night (Thursday). “They did not pitch for these meetings.

“Wits management remains willing to engage with students to try to resolve these issues,” she said.

IOL

Fuente de la Información: https://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/gauteng/wits-university-students-suspended-but-not-for-partaking-in-fiery-protests-1b44b0c9-be3e-411b-8c85-2a80bc55dbfa

 

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Sudáfrica: SANEF condemns SAPS for shooting at Wits student journalists

SANEF condemns SAPS for shooting at Wits student journalists

Johannesburg – The South African National Editors’ Forum (Sanef) has condemned the police for shooting at two student journalists during clashes with Wits University student protesters on Wednesday.

The two student journalists, Nondumiso Lehutso and Aphelele Buqwane, who work for the Vow FM (Voice of Wits FM) and Wits Vuvuzela, a student newspaper, were shot with rubber bullets while reporting on the protests.

They needed treatment and were hospitalised, but a 35-year-old man who had just seen a doctor at a local medical centre in Braamfontein was caught in the line of fire and fatally wounded when he was shot with rubber bullets at close range by a police officer.

Sanef said it called on the Independent Police Investigative Directorate (IPid) to investigate the brutality of the police officers who endangered the lives of all journalists reporting the student protests at Wits University.

Relaying their experience, Lehutso said they were standing between the students and the police and recording the events as journalists when an on officer instructed her to run.

“An officer instructed us to run away from the scene. We noted shooting was about to take place and we should get away.

“We ran towards our arts faculty building, but someone closed the doors before we could get inside. I turned and the same officer that ordered us to run pointed his rifle towards us and he fired. I was hit twice in my thigh and butt cheek,” Lehutso said.

Buqwana said she was shot on the left thigh and was treated at the university’s health unit, even though one of the journalists in the groups they were with had shouted out “we are journalists”.

Sanef said: ”We note that journalists already face multiple risks, in war zones and, increasingly, in conflict-free countries. Year after year, dangers have increased for journalism itself. We appeal to the government to take action to protect journalists and to discipline the officers.”

Gauteng police spokesperson Captain Kay Makhubele said five student protesters who were arrested on Wednesday would be charged with public violence.

Ipid meanwhile is investigating the circumstances which led to the man’s death.

Fuente de la Información: https://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/gauteng/sanef-condemns-saps-for-shooting-at-wits-student-journalists-494f2b61-ec82-4069-b8af-9fdbb87522d1

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South Africa: COVID-19 pushes inequality in schools to crippling new level, risks a lost generation of learners

South Africa: COVID-19 pushes inequality in schools to crippling new level, risks a lost generation of learners

The COVID-19 pandemic has plunged South Africa’s schools further into crisis, exposing how the country’s education system continues to be shaped by the legacy of apartheid, Amnesty International said today.

«A child’s experience of education in South Africa is still dependent on where they are born, how wealthy they are, and the colour of their skin.»

In a new report, Failing to learn lessons: The impact of COVID-19 on a broken and unequal education systemthe organization highlights how students from poorer communities have been cut off from education during extended school closures, in a country where just 10 percent of households have an internet connection. Meanwhile historic underinvestment and the government’s failure to address existing inequalities has resulted in many schools not having running water or proper toilets whilst struggling with overcrowded classrooms, meaning they cannot provide a safe learning environment amid the pandemic.

“A child’s experience of education in South Africa is still dependent on where they are born, how wealthy they are, and the colour of their skin. The COVID-19 pandemic has made a broken and unequal system even worse, putting students from poorer communities at a huge disadvantage. Remote learning is not an option for the vast majority,” said Shenilla Mohamed, Executive Director of Amnesty International South Africa.

“South Africa’s schooling system is so under-equipped that the pandemic has all but ended education for many students, especially those from already disadvantaged communities. Unless urgent access is taken, the future livelihoods of an entire generation will be at risk.”

Disturbing picture

Amnesty International’s report is based on extensive desk research, including analysis of statistical data and institutional studies and surveys, between March 2020 and February 2021.

The education system in South Africa continues to be shaped by the legacy of apartheid. Previous research by Amnesty International showed how many communities continue to live with the consequences of political and economic decisions made during the apartheid era where people were segregated according to their skin colour, with schools serving white communities much better resourced.

When schools first closed in March, for almost three months, the widespread lack of internet access needed for remote study was laid bare. Nationally, only 22% of households have a computer and 10% an internet connection. In North West and Limpopo provinces, only 3.6% and 1.6% respectively have access to the internet at home. By contrast, students from wealthier communities with computer access have been able to continue their education particularly through remote learning provided by better resourced schools.

Further school shutdowns came in July 2020 and January 2021. The closures not only interrupted learning, but also severely affected access to food for around nine million students who depend on school meals for their daily nutrition. The situation became so bad that NGOs were forced to go to court to compel the government to resume the National School Nutrition Programme.

Hazardous and unhygienic

When schools have been open, hazardous and unhygienic conditions have prevented them from meeting basic COVID-safe requirements. Thousands of schools in South Africa have no running water – more than half of schools in some regions. Social distancing is also impossible in many schools. One study by Stellenbosch University found that at least half of South African learners would not be able to comply with distancing rules due to overcrowded classrooms.

The government has failed to ensure that schools in poorer communities have the additional resources they need to provide a secure learning environment. As a result, many have had to shut down repeatedly due to high COIVD-19 infection rates.

The toll on staff needs also to be recognised. By the beginning of 2021 it was estimated that up to 1,700 teachers have lost their lives to COVID-19, more than 300 alone during the recent school holidays.

Drastic budget cuts are not the solution

Despite the clear evidence that school infrastructure and equipment can play a key role in ensuring safer learning environments, in June the government announced that it was planning to divert over R2 billion (US$ 0.13 billion) from the provincial education infrastructure grant. The recent medium-term budget statement revealed that, adjusted for inflation, the education budget will be reduced over the next three years with a cut of over 4% for this financial year.

Amnesty International is calling on the South African authorities to reverse that decision, and commit sufficient funds to address longstanding and ongoing infrastructure failings. These have not just been documented by Amnesty and other organisations but are also confirmed by the government’s own statistics. In March 2020, just before COVID-19 struck, it was reported that only 266 out of 3,988 schools that needed it had benefitted from the President’s own 2018 Sanitation Appropriate for Education (SAFE) campaign to address inadequate sanitation. 56% of South African head teachers reported in a survey conducted by the OECD in 2018 that a shortage of physical infrastructure is hindering their school’s capacity to provide quality instruction. Many of the deficiencies are in breach of the government’s own Minimum Norms and Standards for educational facilities.

Amnesty International acknowledges that guaranteeing access to education during a pandemic is not easy. It also acknowledges that the government has both put various procedures in place  and taken action to seek to ensure both some limited access to remote learning during lockdown and to protect the safety of learners and teachers when schools have reopened.

However, the government needs to do more from exploring further innovative ways to provide access to education for as many students as possible where schools are partially or totally closed due to the pandemic, to  ensuring that all schools have sufficient supplies of personal protective equipment such as masks and hand sanitizer, as well as clean water facilities. Above all it must commit sufficient resources to address the infrastructure crisis in schools which is continuing to undermine the goal of safe learning spaces for all young people.

In certain key areas, the government has failed to meet its obligation to provide equal and accessible education to ALL learners.

«The Constitutional and international human right to quality education includes access to safe, clean and adequate school facilities»

“The Constitutional and international human right to quality education includes access to safe, clean and adequate school facilities,” said Shenilla Mohammed.

“However, this right is clearly being denied to too many learners across the country. Schooling in South Africa has operated on a two-tier system for far too long. Now is the time to take concrete action to ensure that every child in South Africa has equal access to education, during and after the pandemic.”

Fuente de la Información: https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2021/02/south-africa-covid19-pushes-inequality-in-schools-to-crippling-new-level-risks-a-lost-generation-of-learners/

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Más de un millón de alumnos sudafricanos a exámenes finales

África/Sudáfrica/Noviembre 2020/prensa-latina.cu

Más de un millón de estudiantes sudafricanos se presentan hoy a los exámenes finales, lo que constituye la asistencia a esos test más grande en la historia del país.
El Ministerio de Educación Básica impone hoy a nivel nacional, de manera simultánea, un examen combinado con alumnos a tiempo completo y parcial.

Más de 616 mil de los candidatos lo son a tiempo completo, quienes se someten a su examen final por primera vez.

El resto debió realizar sus pruebas en junio, pero éstas se pospusieron debido a la pandemia de Covid-19, recuerdan medios locales.

En esta ocasión, incluso los estudiantes que den positivo en los test médicos de Covid-19 pueden evaluarse, afirmó el Ministerio.

Ellos podrán hacer su examen de forma aislada y bajo estrictos protocolos sanitarios lo dictado por el ministerio de Salud.

El pasado día 2 de noviembre el ministerio de Educación Básica instó a familiares y alumnos a apoyar la realización de los exámenes finales de grado 12 del actual curso 2020 esta semana en todo el país.

En un comunicado al efecto, el Ministerio revela que en esta ocasión al examen combinado al Certificado Senior y al Certificado Nacional Senior asistirán un millón 58 mil 699 alumnos, que se espera se presenten a su evaluación final entre el 5 de noviembre y el 15 de diciembre de 2020.

En el texto, el departamento apunta que, a pesar del contexto anormal generado por el Covid-19, la promoción 2020 estará sujeta a exámenes con la misma alta calidad y rigor de años anteriores, dado que no se realizó ningún cambio en los tópicos a evaluar, establecidos desde en 2019.

Dadas las regulaciones sanitarias en vigor, añade en el documento, se identificaron nuevas instalaciones para dar cabida al mayor número de candidatos.

Además, tanto los centros públicos como los independientes se auditaron para garantizar que se cumpla el protocolo sanitario de prevención de la Covid-19.

Fuente: https://www.prensa-latina.cu/index.php?o=rn&id=408997&SEO=mas-de-un-millon-de-alumnos-sudafricanos-a-examenes-finales
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Reforma agraria no llega a todos en Sudáfrica

África/Sudáfrica/18-10-2020/Autor(a) y Fuente: lahora.com.ec

Una mujer sudafricana protesta contra la última reforma gubernamental de la reforma agraria, ayer en Ciudad del Cabo, en Sudáfrica.

Los manifestantes, encabezados por la organización ‘On Farms’, que representa los derechos de los granjeros y las mujeres rurales, muestran su renuncia a la última reforma agraria de la ministra Thoko Dizida, que según ellos excluye a la provincia del Cabo Occidental y particularmente a las comunidades más marginadas.

Esta semana dicha reforma fue publicada en el boletín oficial para ser remitida al parlamento, donde por primera vez se permite la expropiación de propiedades sin compensación económica. (EFE)

Fuente e Imagen: https://lahora.com.ec/quito/noticia/1102330432/reforma-agraria-no-llega-a-todos-en-sudafrica

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